Once a contract is set into place parties are held accountable for upholding their end of the bargain. Other than the acceptable defenses to a valid contract there are other instances that can relinquish a persons responsibility to a contract.This termination from duty makes the breaching aspect no longer apply.
The court system will excuse contractual duties if the aspect of termination is legal under the Voluntary Act. Aspects of contractual duties are applied by the parties or according to the standards of the law. A party can be withheld from the conditions stipulated in a contract; if it is found that there was a premeditated purpose in mind prior to the contract being formed.
Meaning if a person enters an agreement with an existing purpose, not made aware at the time the actual contract is finalized they can be dismissed of their contractual duties. Other ways to terminate contractual duties are through impossibility or impracticability which makes a party incapable of completing the terms of a contract. Impossibility or impracticability can prevent a party form upholding their end of a contract because of death, illness or as the result of another party.
Other types of voluntary discharge from contractual duties are accord and satisfaction as well as novation. The issues of accord and satisfaction work hand in hand. Accord is identified as being an agreement made between parties to end a dispute within a current contract. If parties are within contract and their is conflict many times the conflict will be resolved by accord and satisfaction. With accord and satisfaction the parties will come to a new agreement stemming from the old contract dissolving the conditions of a old contract and making it anew.
The accord is considered the new agreement while the satisfaction id the plan for carrying the new agreement out. Termination of a old contract release individuals from their contractual duties, be creating a new contract where new responsibilities are produced. When a contract is given a choice of novation, the parties in a contract are allowed to perform substitution.
In order for the conditions of a contract to be carried out, the setting between parties are allowed to be substituted with all parties agreeing to release a individual from their responsibilities since a new party will be taking their place. This will in essence create a new contract that contains a different set of participating members.
Termination of contract provides a way of for participating parties to be released of their contractual duties. This approach is acceptable by the court system which includes negotiable tactics as well as other measures that will immediately be considered.